Laparoscopy is a modern method of surgical intervention in which large-scale operations are performed without a large incision on the body.
Advantages of the laparoscopic method:
- Rapid rehabilitation – the patient does not need special care, bed rest, or limitation of physical activity.
- Minimal scarring
- Less postoperative pain
- Video-assisted surgery
- Shorter hospital stays – patients are discharged from the hospital on the third or fourth day and do not require special care, bed rest, or limitation of physical activity.
At MMT Hospital, laparoscopic nephrectomy (excision of the damaged kidney) is performed for kidney cancer. The surgery can be performed radically, involving the dissection of the kidney, fatty capsule, and ureter, or using a sparing method. The latter is mainly used in the early stages of cancer, when the cancer has not yet spread to neighboring organs. It is not possible to remove the entire kidney if it would leave the patient with only one functioning kidney. In a sparing operation, only part of the kidney is removed.
A review and systematic review in BMC Nephrology found that laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for small kidney tumors, performed without renal vascular bypass, better preserves renal function after surgery.